There are several types of Abyssinia, but they are not from Ethiopia but rather Indonesia. Abyssinia 3 = AB3. PJS Cramer, a Dutch plant researcher, introduced this variety in 1928, supposedly from Ethiopia seed stock. It was was a place I had flown through before, but never stopped. It’s hard to go anywhere in USDA is (obviously) the United States Department of Agriculture. USDA also had coffee plant breeding programs in the past and one variety they distributed to Indonesia and was widely planted is called USDA (sounds like without spending some time in the Jakarta airport. But this time we had a reason.
There was a coffee project from the other end of the island than where most Java coffee comes from.
All the big farms, most that are or were run by the government, are in East Java: Kayumas, Djampit, Blawan, etc. West Java traditionally had coffee, but the farms were not government owned or supported so the farmers failed at coffee, and went on to other things.
But now we are joining on, as the buyer of this West Java coffee, to support a new quality initiative in this area. The idea is that of Dariusz Lewandowski and Eko Purnomowidi, who is from the Java Sunda area.
They have built a fantastic “coffee outpost” in the mountains, and are working on a small scale level to find what the quality potential is here. Because there are still old types of A coffee cultivar; a cross between Typica and Bourbon, originally grown in Brazil: Mundo Novo is a commercial coffee cultivar; a natural hybrid between "Sumatra" and Red Bourbon, originally grown in Brazil. It was developed, and a longberry tree they call Kopi Sunda, there is potential for a good coffee from these parts.
-Tom, August 2010.