It’d been awhile since I fired up a A popular electric drum roaster designed for home use, with variable batch sizes (from 1/4 pound to 1 pound) and a smoke-reduction system. It has been modified and... 1600 plus, and so I made a bit of a refresher course for myself out of this Roast Profile refers to the relationship between time and temperature in coffee roasting, with the endpoint being the "degree of roast". Roast profiling is the active manipulation of... review. I burned through about a dozen batches (a couple of them quite literally!) before coming up with the profile outlined below, testing different roast presets and manual modes for a range of coffee origins.
For those not familiar with the Behmor, it’s a really efficient table-top roasting machine no larger than a medium sized microwave, and with somewhat shared exterior aesthetics. The interior roasting chamber is a grid drum that rotates in front of ceramic heating elements that are mounted at the back of the machine’s interior. It comes with several preset roast profiles designed to account for personal roast preference, varying bean sizes, moisture content, and densities, as well as ways to augment those profiles in order to fit specific roasting needs. For those wanting more control over roast dynamics, you can put the machine into manual mode where you’re able to choose from 5 different heat settings (including turning heat off altogether), and 2 different drum speeds. We’ve published a few articles outlining the Behmor 1600 plus features, but I won’t go into too much detail here (a good starting place though for those who would like to know the basics can be found HERE).
I learned pretty quickly that simply going full bore with heat in manual roast mode is not necessarily a sound approach with the Behmor. As a safety precaution, the roaster completely shuts down if the temperature sits at around 325-330F, displaying an error code on the LED screen, a function I learned about the hard way (see comment in parenthesis in 2nd sentence!). So I found myself trying to ride the outer edge of heat We have a simple scale to rate intensity in our coffee reviews, from Mild to Bold. Low intensity does not mean low quality!: We have a simple scale... by intermittently changing heat application to avoid the disastrous over temp shutdown. It’s a bit like trying to slow a spilling cup of water, easy to overcompensate, leading to either losing too much heat or shutting off the roaster altogether.
With all this in mind, I settled on trying to find a decent roast profile for Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee: it is in the forests of the Kaffa region that coffee arabica grew wild. Coffee is "Bun" or "Buna" in Ethiopia, so... Agaro Duromina Cooperative. Duromina is a fairly fruit forward for a washed Ethiopian coffee, packed with pectin Sweetness is an important positive quality in fine coffees, and is one of five basic tastes: Sour, Sweet, Salty, Bitter, Savory (Umami). In coffee, sweetness is a highly..., flavors of stone fruit and ripe citrus inherent to the coffee. I wanted to try to retain as much of that as possible, and so for roast level I was shooting for somewhere around City+ roast is an ideal roast level that occurs roughly between 425 and 435 degrees Fahrenheit in many coffee roasters with a responsive bean probe where First Crack.... The Behmor’s standard presets tend to err on the long side, and so I opted for the manual roast function in the hopes of speeding things up a bit in order to avoid flattening out Duromina’s cup complexity.
Duromina has a fairly low moisture content at right around 9.5% (10 – 12% is what we normally see). Low moisture coffees can be difficult to tame in the roaster, development tending to take off once all the water evaporates, and resulting in a violent First crack in one of two distinct heat-induced pyrolytic reactions in coffee. It is distinguished by a cracking or popping sound in the coffee, and occurs between 390... (evidenced by The smell or taste of ash, such as an ashtray, cigarette smoke, or fireplace. Often a roast defect.: A quality in aroma or flavor similar to that of... flavors in the cup). So one of my goals was to slow the roast down just before first An audible popping sound heard during roasting. In coffee, one refers to "first crack" and "second crack," which come from two different classes of chemical reactions.: An audible..., figuring the coffee would have enough charge built up to continue developing on up to City+ at the lower heat and drum settings. I played it fast and loose the first time around, making a rather “freestyle” attempt at hitting roast targets. Then I took into account the failures from that initial attempt and wrote out my final roast plan.
Putting together a simple roast plan ahead of time is helpful for me. First I come up with a set of roast goals that I then sketch out a path of how to achieve. Most times it takes me a couple shots to get there, and I usually have to adjust my methods and expectations along the way. But writing out even the most basic roasting guidelines keeps me from shooting in the dark.
Below I’ve included the parameters for my roast in the form of a minute-to-minute diagram the way that it was written on the notepad I keep next to my roaster. In order to replicate, read through the information at top to familiarize yourself with the parameters I’ve used for this particular roast. Look over my “Notes” column to see where the different roast development stages should fall (more or less), and where heat adjustments should be made. You’ll see my notes at the far right, which are what I initially jotted down before actually starting to roast.
**Please keep in mind that roasting experiences with this coffee may vary depending on things like environmental temperature, how your coffee was stored, how clean the sensor on your machine is, etc. That said, we’ve replicated this roast on two different machines, and the results were very similar, and so hopefully yours are too.
A couple notes on the roast outline. First, it’s worth mentioning that the minute markers in my graph advance, whereas on the Behmor LED the time subtracts. I tried to include both the actual roast time in minutes as well as the time on the LED readout for the notes around 1st crack. The temperature readings are viewed in manual mode by pressing B, and so are reading the heat sensor, not the exhaust (the exhaust temp generally does not change until cool down, when they exhaust vents open). You’ll notice the temperature continues to drop between minute markers 7:30 and 8:00 even though I adjusted the heat to full blast at the start of minute 7:00. In my experience it takes at least 30 seconds for the heat to begin advancing, which is good to keep in mind when planning your roast adjustments.
Also, I’ve made a little cooling tray to cool my One of the most important variables in roasting coffee, the weight or volume of the coffee being put in to the roaster will dramatically affect the outcome of... more quickly. The Behmor cooling cycle is on the long side (12:00 for 1lb), and so I’ve put together a simple cooling solution by fitting a colander inside a cardboard box, in which I’ve also cut a small hole in the bottom in order to insert the nozzle of my mini shop vac. It’s surprisingly efficient, and brings your roast to room temp in just a couple minutes. Make sure your hands are protected when opening a hot machine and dumping your batch (I use a couple oven mits)! And always re-insert the drum immediately and run the cool cycle to gently safely bring your Behmor back to room temperature.
This year’s Duromina was a real knockout, and in general, as long as you don’t burn it up, a coffee that’s fairly easy to get really nice sweetness and In some coffee taster’s lexicon, “fruity” means the coffee is tainted with fruit, and “fruited” means a coffee is graced by positive fruit notes. We don't exactly see... notes in the cup. Putting even just a little bit of intention behind your roasting can elevate cup results to the next level, pushing a harmonious Suggests a harmony and proportion of qualities, and implies mildness since no one quality dominates.: Balance is both an obvious and slippery taste term. It implies a harmony... between sweet and bittering tones, fruited complexity, and structuring Acidity is a positive flavor attribute in coffee, also referred to as brightness or liveliness. It adds a brilliance to the cup, whereas low acid coffees can seem....
I brewed this roast of Duromina after 24 hours of rest using a Beehouse dripper, brew ratio of 40 grams ground coffee to 300ml of water. There’s so much stone fruit in the cup, and piping hot, which normally makes tasting difficult, apricot and peach notes are easily picked out, and a you get a sense of the impending sweetness still obfuscated by heat. Letting the cup cool for 5 minutes or so, a In coffee, honey-like sweetness is often found, but we use terms such as refined honey (highly filtered and processed) as opposed to raw honey rustic honey sweetness. This... sweetness is pushed to the forefront, contrasting a mild bittering The overall impression in the mouth, including the origin character as well as tastes that come from the roast.: This is the overall impression in the mouth, including..., which culminates in a nicely balanced core. Top notes include Turkish apricot, dried coconut, and a perfumed Orange aromatics and flavors are prized in coffee, whether they take the form of sweet orange flesh and pulp, or orange peel. Orange flavors or aromatics can range... blossom Floral notes in coffee exemplify the connection between taste and smell. Describing the taste of a specific flower is near impossible...we always default to “it tastes like it... accent. Any worries I had of flattening acidity with long roast time proved to be unfounded, as an orange/citric aspect props up this flavor and aromatic compound. The coffee showed tremendous sweetness at this roast level, and Associated with and sensed by mouthfeel, body is sense of weight and thickness of the brew, caused by the percentage of soluble solids in the cup, including all... was so A mouthfeel description indicating a delicate, light, elegant softness and smoothness. Usually refers to a lighter body than terms such as velvety, or creamy. and heavy on my palate.
Duromina has proven to be incredible A small coffee beverage, about 20 ml, prepared on an espresso machine where pressurized hot water extracted through compressed coffee.: In its most stripped-down, basic form, this is... too, and I think my next time around I’ll try dropping the heat to P2 instead of P3 to see if I can keep a steady roast progression without stalling, adding an extra 30 seconds of development, nearing but not hitting 330F (remember, this will turn the machine off altogether, which will likely cause Patches of discolored burn marks on the coffee bean, due to a high-heat roast environment or other roast error.: Scorching refers to a roast error that can be... and ruin your roast!).
This is the first in what we plan to be a series of Behmor roast recommendations specially tailored for individual coffees on our Green coffee refers to the processed seed of the coffee tree fruit. Coffee is a flowering shrub that produces fruit. The seeds of the fruit are processed, roasted,... list. Look out for the next one in a couple of weeks in which I’ll be selecting a dual use coffee, and posting roast profiles for both brewing and espresso.