Besides The botanical genus colloquially referred to as the “coffea genus,” which is comprised of over 120 individual species. These are generally opposite-leaved, evergreen shrubs or small understory trees with a horizontal branching pattern. They contain Arabica refers to Coffea Arabica, the taxonomic species name of the genus responsible for around 75% of the worlds commercial coffee crop.: Arabica refers to Coffea Arabica, the taxonomic species name of the genus responsible and coffea Robusta usually refers to Coffea Robusta, responsible for roughly 25% of the world's commercial coffee. Taxonomy of Robusta is debated: some sources use “Robusta” to refer to any variety of Coffea Canephora, and some use (canefora), there are no other coffee cultivars that are currently in commercial production. All of the varietals we discuss (Typica, Bourbon, A coffee cultivar; a cross between Typica and Bourbon, originally grown in Brazil: Mundo Novo is a commercial coffee cultivar; a natural hybrid between "Sumatra" and Red Bourbon, originally grown in Brazil. It was developed, Maragogype is a mutation of Typica coffee and was discovered in Brazil. The Maragogype is a large plant with big leaves, low production and very large fruits (and seeds / green beans). It has been, Ateng is a common name for Catimor coffees widely planted in Sumatra and other Indonesia isles.: Ateng, with several subtypes, is a common name for Catimor coffees widely planted in Sumatra and other Indonesia isles., Catuai is a high-yield Arabica cultivar resulting from a cross of Mundo Novo and yellow Caturra. The tree is short, with lateral branches forming close angles to the primary branches. It is robust and can, Catimor is a broad group of cultivars derived from a Hibrido de Timor (HdT) and Caturra cross, highly productive, sometimes with inferior cup flavor. The main issue is the Robusta content in HdT, although this, Variedad Colombian coffee is highly marketed and widely available in the US. They have been largely successful at equating the name Colombian Coffee with "Good" Coffee. This is half-true. Colombian can be very balanced, with good, A mutation of Bourbon cultivar that appeared in El Salvador in 1949: Pacas is a natural mutation of Bourbon cultivar that appeared in El Salvador in 1949. It has good cup character, and is an, SL-9, Costa Rican coffee is typically very clean, sweet, with lots of floral accents. hey are prized for their high notes: bright citrus or berry-like flavors in the acidity, with distinct nut-to-chocolate roasty flavors.: Can a 95, A cultivar resistant to Coffee Leaf Rust introduced in India: Kent was the first useful CLR resistant cultivar; it was developed on the Kent estate in Mysore, India. Kent was widely planted but eventually was, etc. etc. etc.) are all arabica. In botanical terms these would be written as such: coffea arabica var. typica. The one species with the lost potential is perhaps coffea Coffea Liberica is a distinct Species in the Genus Coffea : Coffea Liberica is a distinct Species in the Genus Coffea originating in Liberia, West Africa. It is a tree-like form, with mild cup that … and I will be somebody is growing it somewhere, but I have never seen a sample.
There are many other plants in the coffea family: it is a HUGE family. There are many wild types found in Africa, but they are not commercially viable nor do many actually produce a seed as such. But there have been experiments in working with alternative cultivars or cross-breeding wild cultivars with commercial types.
And thusly … here are a couple photos a friend of a friend brought back from a coffee trip to S-795 is a variety based on the " S-Line" coffees of India, and stands for Selection 795, It has a very fine cup, one of the best in Indonesia, but is not a high volume:
The Central The study of the agronomy of coffee, its chemistry, or other improvements: The study of the agronomy of coffee, its chemistry, or other improvements. There are coffee research organizations throughout the world. In Central America, Institute, established during 1925, is located in the heartland of coffee tracts, near Balehonnnur in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka. This place is coffee geek heaven! Around 60 scientific and technical personnel are involved in carrying out research in various disciplines. which features the research farm pictured here, about 80 We use this metric term often to discuss the size of coffee farms. 1 Hectare = 10000 Square Meters = 2.471 acres: We use this metric term often to discuss the size of coffee farms. are cultivated with coffee The institute also has a well-equipped laboratory facility for research and a central library with a vast collection of books and periodicals on coffee.
One of the most interesting is the purple coffee , coffea stenophyla (Coffea Stenophylla is a distinct Species in the Genus Coffea originating in West Africa, endemic to foothill elevations in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, and taken into Ghana and Nigeria. It is slow to) . The long narrow leaf is also very unusual compared to c. arabica and c. robusta cultivars.
This is a picture of Liberica from Zanzibar that I took, pointy, evil-looking coffee eh? This is the character of the Liberica Either a flavor in the coffee, or referring to the fruit of the coffee tree, which somewhat resembles a red cherry.: Either a flavor in the coffee, or referring to the fruit of the coffee and seed, but admittedly I selected some “extra-pointy” ones for this photo. Below is an image of the Liberica leaf (HUGE!) from an unrelated trip I took. This one was in an experimental coffee garden, so there was only 3 trees there.
|I have a bazillion coffee varietal and species photos tucked away in my travelogs, and I hope to complile the images with comments here, or on another page that discusses species, mutations, hybrids and such.|