There are several types of Abyssinia, but they are not from Ethiopia but rather Indonesia. Abyssinia 3 = AB3. PJS Cramer, a Dutch plant researcher, introduced this variety in 1928,… …more is the original coffee planting area, with coffee coming to Batavia (Jakarta) and being planted in the area of Bogor and Bandung early in the Dutch colonial era. The Arabica refers to Coffea Arabica, the taxonomic species name of the genus responsible for around 75% of the worlds commercial coffee crop.: Arabica refers to Coffea Arabica, the… …more coffee plant was brought to USDA is (obviously) the United States Department of Agriculture. USDA also had coffee plant breeding programs in the past and one variety they distributed to Indonesia and was… …more from Indian coffees are under-represented in the coffee market: they are good balanced, mild coffees. You will find the pronounced body, low acidity and subtle spicy notes pleasing, and… …more in 1696. Java coffee had a legendary status around the world until the last century. Mocha and Java coffees commanded huge premiums, often 10x to 15x more expensive than Brazil is a coffee giant . As Frank Sinatra sang, “they grow an awful lot of coffee in Brazil”.: Brazil is a coffee giant . As Frank Sinatra… …more coffees in brokers lists from the 1920s.
Aside from history, Java is unique in that it is most often wet-processed, resulting in a relatively Clean cup refers to a coffee free of taints and defects. It does not imply sanitary cleanliness, or that coffees that are not clean (which are dirty) are… …more, without Earthy is a flavor term with some ambivalence, used positively in some cases, negatively in others.: Sumatra coffees can have a positive earthy flavor, sometimes described as “wet… …more or dirty flavors found in some lower-grade wet-hulled Indonesia coffees like Indonesians are available as a unique wet-hulled or dry-hulled (washed) coffees. Giling Basah is the name for the wet-hulling process in Bahasa language, and will have more body… …more.
When I started out in coffee, Java meant East Java, and the large estates.
As far as the flavor profile, those East Java coffees have moderate-to-low acidity; for a wet-processed coffee it can taste a little flat in that regard. It sometimes can lack complexity, which can make a basic Java fall into the “blender” category more often than being spotlighted as a single-origin brew.
These standard coffees are “Government Estate” Java, and they come from 4 old farms (Kayumas, Blawan, Djampit, Pancoer) that date back to Dutch colonialism. These farms are in the process of privatization, and in the past they were consistent, but rarely outstanding coffees.
These large farms are located in East Java in the vicinity of the Ijen volcanic The co-presence of many aroma and flavor attributes, with multiple layers. A general impression of a coffee, similar to judgments such as “balanced” or “structured” …more. The Government Associated with and sensed by mouthfeel, body is sense of weight and thickness of the brew, caused by the percentage of soluble solids in the cup, including all… …more (called the PTP XXVI Plantation) grows about 85% of the coffee in East Java, close to Coffee from the Indonesian island of Bali was formerly sold mainly to the Japanese market. Perhaps it is the changing face of world economics that finds the first… …more in the Ijen area. The range of altitudes suitable for coffee production is 3,000 to 6,000 feet with most growing in the plateau region at 4,500. Djampit and Blawan are the largest estates, while Pancoer is 1110 We use this metric term often to discuss the size of coffee farms. 1 Hectare = 10000 Square Meters = 2.471 acres: We use this metric term often… …more, and Kayumas is 725 Hectares. Blawan is huge: 2268 Hectares.
Back when Sweet Maria’s started, these large farms only shipped large lots, full container loads. Java traded more on it’s name, synonymous with coffee itself, rather than cup quality. It was used for posterity, in blends, for body. That was about it. But things have indeed brightened and for the past 15 years we have carried many wonderful coffees, mainly from the Sundanese part of Java, West Java. More on that later …
There is an old cultivar that can be found called Java Typica. But there is a lot of catimor-derived cultivars such as Kartika and Ateng. There’s an older Typica type called “USDA”, named after those who developed and endorsed it. But I have found old A coffee cultivar; a cross between Typica and Bourbon, originally grown in Brazil: Mundo Novo is a commercial coffee cultivar; a natural hybrid between “Sumatra” and Red Bourbon,… …more coffee plants in the west of Java that could plausibly be from the original seedstock that came to Java from Yemen has a coffee culture like no other place, and perhaps some of what we enjoy in this cup is due to their old style of trade…: Technically,… …more, with a stop in India. There is also Jember is a cultivar in Indonesia. Also a town in East Java, home of the main coffee and cocoa research institute, ICCRI. A variety released from the Jember… …more, which is named for the location of the The study of the agronomy of coffee, its chemistry, or other improvements: The study of the agronomy of coffee, its chemistry, or other improvements. There are coffee research… …more center in East Java.
Most of what I see planted is An improved Ateng selection of Timor variety with Bourbon reportedly. The specifics are a little doubtful (Timor x Bourbon) as it is not the result of a plant… …more type as well as some Hibrido de Timor abbreviated HdT is the interspecies hybrid of C. Arabica and C. Canephora (Robusta) that was found in Timor Leste in the 1940s. It has been… …more, which both have Ateng is a common name for Catimor coffees widely planted in Sumatra and other Indonesia isles.: Ateng, with several subtypes, is a common name for Catimor coffees widely… …more inputs. Timor-Leste (East Timor) is a tiny island between Australia and Sulawesi, annexed by Indonesia and liberated in a referendum several years ago. Small scale coffee farming was jump-started… …more is the natural arabica-robusta cross. The problem with Ateng is that once a farm or farmer can grow and process a coffee well, once there is no overlay of process flavors as you would find with wet-hull coffees, then you start to taste the Cultivar is a term used interchangeably with Varietal in the coffee trade to indicate plant material, although there are distinctions.: The naming of a cultivar should conform to… …more more. And in the case of Ateng, this is not a good thing. It doesn’t create outright bad coffee, as a The removal of the cherry and parchment from the coffee seed.: Coffee is either wet-processed (also called washed or wet-milled) or dry-processed (also called wild, natural or natural… …more In coffee, a defect refers to specific preparation problems with the green coffee, or a flavor problem found in the cupping process. Bad seeds in the green coffee… …more or a A coffee bean whose interior is totally back (endosperm), due to fungi, mold, yeast, pest. This happens with over-mature coffee cherry where the bean falls to the ground… …more does, but there is a perceptible Generally a taste defect from age; old green coffee, perhaps yellowing in color. This is due to the drying out of the coffee over time, and as the… …more note or drying aspect in the Aftertaste refers to lingering residual sensations in the mouth after coffee has swallowed. It might be distinguished from “finish” which is the final sensations of the coffee while… …more. For wet-hulled coffees, Ateng is fine, but for wet-processed, it’s an issue.
We focus our efforts in Java Sunda, (West Java) although this is not the only place with the right factors to produce good coffee on the island. West Java was ignored as a source of quality coffee, but we find motivated farmers there, and an interest in smaller scale, quality-oriented coffee farming. The remaining issues are in training farmers in quality methods, care and attention to picking only ripe coffee cherry, and processing coffee well. The diverse farming efforts of small growers is admirable; they are often growing market crops like peppers, onions, beans and such. Those provide ready cash, and they look to coffee as a kind of annual “extra” income.
The problem with this is a lack of serious care for the coffee trees and for pruning and mulching Grown without the use of artificial fertilizers, herbicides, etc.: Organic coffee has been grown according to organic farming techniques, typically without the use of artificial fertilizers. Some farms… …more inputs to keep the soil healthy. But the largest issues come from inter-planting coffee with other crops. Coffee should really only be planted with nitrogen-fixing legumes; even the shade trees should be leguminous. Other crops compete for limited nutrients and often for water as well. Coffee is often grown organically without pesticides or fungicides in Indonesia but the market crops are most certainly not! Sadly, they are intensively treated with fungicides, and the risk is that over-spraying or water contamination reaches the coffee. Coffee Berry Borer seems to not be as intense a problem in Java as it is in Sumatra.
We have taken quite a few trips to Java, and continue to do so, hoping to realize the potential of this historically important coffee In coffee talk, it refers to a coffee-producing region or country; such as, “I was just at origin.” Of course “Origin” for most product we use is not… …more, and to share a mutual benefit for both the farmers, with the increased prices we pay, and for us, a better cup of coffee to share with our customers. Lately we visited Central Java to see the quality of arabica and also search for high quality Robusta usually refers to Coffea Robusta, responsible for roughly 25% of the world’s commercial coffee. Taxonomy of Robusta is debated: some sources use “Robusta” to refer to any… …more coffee for one of our A small coffee beverage, about 20 ml, prepared on an espresso machine where pressurized hot water extracted through compressed coffee.: In its most stripped-down, basic form, this is… …more blends.